Security and prosperity in global ranks increasingly depend on an effective multilateral system, and the United Nations, whose Charter is the fundamental framework of international relations, is relevant proof for this. This Charter is a priority of the European Union and NATO, and it represented a major actor in terms of the international security scene or the central institution for global efforts to solve the problems facing humanity. Therefore, the contribution of the Republic of Macedonia in the military part to missions led by the United Nations is a confirmation of the effective participation of the Republic of Macedonia in the Organization, a confirmation for its contribution to world peace and for its strategic goals.
Macedonia started its contribution to the peacekeeping operation led by the United Nations in Lebanon, UNIFIL, with the adoption of the Decision by the Parliament of the Republic of Macedonia on 27 April 2007. The decision was implemented on 16 May 2007. This contribution started by sending a member of the Macedonian Army as a Staff Officer in the Joint Operation Centre in Nagura in Lebanon with a mandate of one year.
On 1 June 2008, with the sending of a new staff officer, which represented the first rotation of Macedonian personnel within the UNIFIL operation, the Republic of Macedonia continued its contribution to the UNIFIL peace mission in Lebanon.
The Ministry of Defence and the General Staff of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia estimated that there are opportunities and capacity to extend the military contribution to the mission in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014, and the third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh rotation of Macedonian personnel in the mission UNIFIL followed.
During the third and fourth rotation in the UNIFIL mission, Captain Hristijan Gjorgov and Captain Sasho Avramovski were decorated with the Special Merit Medal by the General Staff of the Lebanese Army, as a result of special credit within their duties.
After eight years of successful participation of the Republic of Macedonia in the peacekeeping operation of the United Nations, UNIFIL, the eight rotation of Macedonian personnel is currently underway, thus far nine representatives have been sent in the mission, which should be completed in May 2016.
The continuation of Macedonia’s contribution to effective multilateral cooperation is another confirmation of the acquired experience in the international surrounding, and a political manifestation of the strategic goals of the Republic of Macedonia to contribute to global security and world peace.
UN Peacekeeping operation in Lebanon
(United Nations Interim Force – UNIFIL)
Originally, UNIFIL was created by the Security Council in March 1978 to confirm the Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, to restore international peace and security and assist the Lebanese Government in restoring its authority and trust this area.
The mandate of the mission was extended twice due to developments in 1982 and 2000.
As a result of the crisis in June / August 2006, the Council increased the role of the Mission, and decided as a supplement to the original mandate, for it to follow the cessation of violence; accompany and support the Lebanese troops deployed in south Lebanon; as well as to increase aid or provide access to humanitarian organizations and volunteers to the civilian population and the safe return of displaced persons.
The main countries that are contributing to UNIFIL are France, Ghana, India, Italy and Spain. Germany, Greece and Turkey are the main contributors to the naval task force. The US, UK, EU and Russia also play a major role in the region. Major regional factors are Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Syria.